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Tourist information for visitors to London
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Some content from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. 

Today the Greater London administrative area comprises the City of London and 32 London boroughs including the City of Westminster. The City of London, also known as the "square mile", is predominantly the financial centre, and geographically a very small area. Although bustling during the working week, the City of London is usually much calmer on the weekends.

The London that most tourists see is Central London which comprises the historic City of London, the West End with all its theatres, shops and restaurants, the City of Westminster and its Royal palaces, the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea with its museum quarter and Hyde Park and the newly emerging Bankside area of Southwark with the Globe Theatre and Tate Modern and other attractions.

It is said that rain is one of the more common aspects of London, but in fact it rains less in London than  in Paris - but that does not mean you should buy a ticket for an outdoor event in advance.

One thing you will find however, is that it is worthwhile booking tickets for indoor attraction in advance if possible as very long queues can form, meaning you might get wet after all. One easy solution for around 60 attractions is the London Pass - saves queuing and a huge cost saving. Includes:

  • FREE entry to over 60 attractions, 

  • Zones 1-6 Travelcard (if option selected), 

  • Over 350 worth of entrance fees, 

  • Free full color 132 page guidebook, 

  • Cut to front of lines at attractions, 

  • Many special offers and benefits inclusive of all VAT Tax

Buckingham Palace

Buckingham Palace is the official London residence of the British monarch. A statue of Queen Victoria stands outside the main gate. The road leading up to the palace is known as The Mall. Behind the palace lie Buckingham Palace Gardens and the Royal Mews.  Buckingham Palace is the venue for the regular ceremony of the Changing of the Guard, a major tourist attraction. The opening up of parts of the palace itself to the public was a revolutionary change to tradition when it began during the 1990s. Book a tour including the Changing of the Guard, Westminster Abby and Royal Buildings on the Mall

 

Changing of the Guards

British Museum

The British Museum is one of the world's greatest and most famous museums. The museum is home to some six million objects covering the story of human culture from its first beginning to the present day. Many of the artefacts are stored underneath the museum, due to lack of space. The museum opened to the public on January 15, 1759. Admission to the British Museum is free, except for special exhibitions within the main museum.
Museum opening hours

Saturday - Wednesday : 10:00 - 17:30
Thursday & Friday : 10:00 - 20:30
Nearest London Underground stations
:
Holborn (Central, Piccadilly Lines)
Russell Square (Piccadilly Line)

 

British Museum

Charing Cross Road

Charing Cross Road runs north from Trafalgar Square to St Giles' Circus and then becomes Tottenham Court Road. It is renowned for its specialist and second-hand bookshops. The section from Leicester Square tube station to Cambridge Circus is where most second-hand shops are found. More second-hand bookstores can be found on the nearby Cecil Court.

 

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Cleopatra's Needle

Cleopatra's Needles are a pair of obelisks in London and New York.The London needle is in the City of Westminster, on the Victoria Embankment. Originally erected in Ancient Egypt on the instruction of Thothmes III, it was moved to Alexandria by the Romans. It was transported to the United Kingdom in 1877 and was erected at its current site in 1888.It is about 21 metres tall, and made of red granite with hieroglyphic and pictorial inscriptions on it.

 

Cleopatras Needle

Covent Garden 

Covent Garden is an area of central London most noted for its flower, fruit and vegetable market (now moved to Nine Elms) and the Royal Opera House. 'Covent Garden' is properly the area of London bounded by High Holborn, Kingsway, the Strand and Charing Cross Roads. However that phrase is commonly used to describe the open area at its centre - for which 'Covent Garden Piazza' is the proper name.

 

Hampton Court Palace

Hampton Court Palace is a former royal place in Surrey, England and a major tourist attraction for visitors to the London area. Hampton Court was designed and built by Thomas Cardinal Wolsey for his own use but was appropriated by King Henry VIII in about 1525. The Palace is famous for its ghosts including Queen Jane Seymour, Queen Catherine Howard and In December 2003 a closed-circuit security camera at Hampton Court had recorded an indistinct image of "a mysterious figure in a long coat closing the fire doors." The London Pass includes entry to the Palace.

Hampton Court Palace

Kew Gardens

The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew are extensive gardens and botanical glasshouses between Richmond upon Thames and Kew in south-west London. It originated in the exotic garden at Kew House and the total gardens now occupy over 270 acres. The Tropical House is the largest surviving Victorian greenhouse in existence. Admission to the public is available, but a fee is charged. Nearest combined rail and London Underground station: Kew Gardens (District Line and Silverlink Metro). Adult tickets to the Gardens are 8.60

Hampton Court Palace

London Eye

The London Eye is the largest Ferris wheel in the world, standing 135 metres high on the bank of the River Thames opposite the Houses of Parliament. The wheel was constructed in sections lying flat on pontoons on the river. Once the wheel was complete it was raised into its upright position by cranes. There are 32 sealed, air conditioned, passenger capsules attached to the wheel which rotates slowly so that a complete revolution takes about 30 minutes to complete.
Nearest rail and tube stations

National Rail
Waterloo Station
London Underground
 
Westminster tube station (Jubilee, District, Circle lines)
Waterloo tube station (Waterloo & City, Bakerloo, Jubilee, Northern lines)

Hampton Court Palace

Museum of London

The Museum of London is situated on a street named London Wall at its junction with Aldersgate Street, near St Paul's Cathedral. It documents the history of London from the Palaeolithic to the present day.

Fragments of the old London Wall can be seen just outside the museum. The Museum of London is responsible for rescue excavations in the City area. The London Pass includes entry to the Museum.

 

Houses of Parliament

The Palace of Westminster is the home of both Houses of Parliament. Buildings have occupied the site since at least Saxon times, though the oldest buildings still in existence date from only around 1097. On January 20, 1295 the first meeting of the first English parliament was conducted here. The palace was the main London residence of the monarchs of England until Henry VIII took over the Palace of Whitehall in 1530. 
Big Ben is the nickname of the Great Bell of Westminster. Big Ben is commonly taken to be the name of the clock tower itself, but this is incorrect - the tower is simply known as The Clock Tower.

 

Hampton Court Palace

Piccadilly Circus

Piccadilly Circus is at the intersection of Regent Street, Piccadilly, Shaftesbury Avenue and Coventry Street. The area used to be surrounded by illuminated advertising hoardings on buildings, but only one building now carries them. Piccadilly Circus is renowned as one of the busiest places in the world; the phrase, "it's like Piccadilly Circus", is commonly used in the UK to refer to a place or situation where many people meet. It is said that a person who stays long enough at Piccadilly Circus will eventually bump into everyone they know.
Piccadilly Circus tube station is located directly beneath the intersection.

 

Hampton Court Palace

St Paul's Cathedral

St Paul's Cathedral, designed by Christopher Wren in 1675, was completed by 1710 (although the first service was held on December 2, 1697) and has survived until the present day, despite being targeted during the Blitz. The cathedral has been the site for many famous funerals, including those of Horatio Nelson, the Duke of Wellington and Winston Churchill. The British Royal Family hold most of their important marriages, funerals and other religious and celebratory functions at Westminster Abbey, but St Paul's was used for the marriage of Charles, Prince of Wales and Lady Diana Spencer. The London Pass includes entry to the St Paul's.

St Pauls Cathdral

Tower Bridge

Tower Bridge was opened in 1894.  by the Prince of Wales, The high-level walkways between the towers were never much used and were closed in 1910, but have now been reopened. The towers and walkways contain an exhibition about the Bridge's history.

It is not possible to visit the bridge's command centre (where the raising of the bridge is controlled when a vessel passes underneath), but there is a guided tour. The bridge opens around five hundred times a year.

 

Tower Bridge

Tower of London

The Tower of London is officially "Her Majesty's Palace and Fortress, The Tower of London," although the last ruler to reside in it as a palace was King James I (1566-1625). The "White Tower," the square building with turrets on each corner that gave it its name, is actually in the middle of a complex of several buildings along the River Thames which have served as fortress, armoury, treasury, mint, palace, place of execution, public records office, observatory, refuge, and prison. The last use of the Tower as a prison was during World War II, for Rudolf Hess. 
The Tower today is a tourist attraction, featuring the British Crown Jewels, as well as the buildings themselves, a fine armour collection, and a remnant of the wall of the Roman fortress built to protect the city of Londinium. In deference to an ancient legend, a number of ravens are fed at the Tower at government expense; so long as the ravens remain at the Tower, England is safe from invasion. There are currently seven ravens in the tower.
Nearest rail and tube stations:
Tower Hill tube station (District, Circle lines)
Tower Gateway DLR station (Docklands Light Railway)
The London Pass includes entry to the
Tower of London

 

Tower of London

Tower of London historical

Trafalgar Square

Trafalgar Square is a square in central London that commemorates the Battle of Trafalgar. In the middle of the square is Nelson's Column, surrounded by fountains and four huge bronze lions; the metal used is said to have been recycled from the cannons of the French fleet. The column is topped by a statue of Lord Nelson, the admiral who commanded the British Fleet at Trafalgar. 
On the north side of the square are the National Gallery and St Martin's-in-the-Fields. The square adjoins The Mall via Admiralty Arch. To the south is Whitehall, to the east the Strand, to the north Charing Cross Road. The square is a popular tourist spot in London, and is particularly famous for its pigeons. Since 2000, bird seed to feed them is no longer sold in the square, and efforts are being made to discourage them. 
Nearest London Underground station:

Charing Cross (Northern, Bakerloo lines) - has an exit in the square, Embankment (District, Circle lines), Leicester Square (Northern, Piccadilly lines)

 

Westminster Abbey

Westminster Abby was built as an abbey for the Benedictine monks and was consecrated on December 28, 1065. It was rebuilt in the Gothic style between 1245 - 1517. Westminster Abbey was seized by Henry VIII in the Dissolution of the Monasteries in 1534, and closed in 1540. The expression "robbing Peter to pay Paul" may arise from this period when money meant for the abbey, which was dedicated to St. Peter, was diverted to the treasury of St. Paul's Cathedral.
Nearest London Underground stations
:
St James' Park (District, Circle lines), Westminster (Jubilee, District, Circle lines)
Book a tour including the Changing of the Guard, Westminster Abby and Royal Buildings on the Mall

Westminster Abbey

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